Definitions You May Need to Know When Talking About Colorectal Cancer

Absenteeism: Failure to appear for work

Biopsy: The removal and examination of tissue from the body

Colon: The main part of the large intestine that absorbs water and minerals from food and eliminates bodily waste through the rectum

Coinsurance: The insured patient’s share of the costs of a health care service. It’s usually figured as a percentage of the total charge for the service (for example, the patient pays 20% and the insurer pays 80%). The patient pays coinsurance plus any deductibles he or she still owes.

Co-pay: The amount of money an insured patient pays for health care services, such as doctor visits and prescription drugs, at the time of the service. The insurer pays the remaining costs.

Deductible: The amount an insured patient has to pay out of pocket for health care services, such as doctor visits and prescription drugs, before the insurer will cover the remaining costs

Disability: Inability to perform in the workplace due to a specific condition or impairment, as outlined by employer

Gastroenterologist: A doctor who specializes in treating the digestive system

Incidence: The rate or number of times a disease occurs

Inflammatory bowel diseases: A group of chronic diseases that cause inflammation in the large or small intestine

Mortality: A term used to describe death rates

Polyp: A small growth that develops in the lining of a cavity in the body, such as the colon

Presenteeism: Underperformance while at work

Radiologist: A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries using medical imaging techniques, such as x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs

Rectum: The final section of the large intestine

US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF): Panel of health care experts that evaluates the latest scientific evidence on preventive services.